Replicability of the project. Why Kenya and Spain?

One EcoeFISHent goal is to support the scalability and replicability of the multi-level circular systemic solution in European and Extra-European targeted regions. In fact, the project pursues the creation of a replicable circular socio-economic and sustainable cluster for interconnecting blue and green economies in other countries. The cluster is intended to be a geographically cohesive territory (e.g., a group of neighboring urban, peri-urban and rural areas, not necessarily limited by administrative or national borders) or territories, linked by a systemic solution to tackle resource management and recovery in the waste and water sectors.

EcoeFISHent aims to develop systemic solutions implemented that address economic, social and environmental dimensions of the transition towards a circular economy and include science, technology and governance components. Both the region of Galicia and the Nairobi District present commonalities and opportunities for good replicability of the systemic cluster.

The Galician region (in the northwest of Spain) is highly dependent on fisheries; however, the fishing and aquaculture sectors, as well as related activities, account for 10% of the gross internal product in the region. The region accounts for the highest production of transformed fish products among all European countries and, in some cases, in the world (as in the case of mussel canning). The choice of Kenya as a potential area is based on a detailed analysis of the cluster’s socio-economic needs to be addressed, circular potential to be exploited, challenges to be tackled and the state-of-the-art smart specialization priorities under this project. The blue economy holds great potential for Kenya’s economy as well as the livelihoods of various communities working and living within these areas. EcoeFISHent will also address specific societal challenges like social justice and community involvement. The project also targets to support local communities’ livelihoods relying on the blue bioeconomy and to apply ethical principles like distributive justice to even the distribution of burdens and benefits as well as to oversee fair salaries for the services provided.


Thanks to the collaboration with local partners ANFACO (Spain) and PEDEC (Kenya), EcoeFISHent will exploit the potential of the systemic solutions and results in these two regional clusters. ANFACO and PEDEC will assess the replicability and potential scalability of the model by implementing concrete actions (WP6) in order to link EcoeFISHent methodology and innovations with potential private and public investors/stakeholders in Spain and Kenya. ANFACO represents the core of the “Alimentario de Galicia” 3132 and resources have been dedicated to cooperating in order to transfer their competences locally and to integrate EcoeFISHent into their processes.


The replicability will be possible by developing a Cluster Digital Twin (CDT) to support the definition of the Cluster Business Model and to assist in simulating, designing and implementing the optimal cluster configuration and its replication in other environments and territorial clusters.  The CDT will allow for consequential scenario development, KPI definition for quantitative assessment of environmental, social, and economic performances, as well as for addressing societal challenges. Moreover, the CDT will support the Cluster Business Model, its optimization, and the future enlargement of the cluster to many actors and stakeholders, ensuring economic sustainability, system resilience and continuous efficiency over time and cluster economic expansion. The CDT underpins the business model and provides quantitative evaluation of the KPIs with the purpose of transferring the cluster model to other local cluster implementations (such as Spanish and Kenyan cases), performing the GAP analysis on identified KPIs and exchanging best practices.

Elena Vioni

Elena Vioni

Project HUB-360

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