EcoeFISHent Training Framework

The EcoeFISHent Training Framework consists in: 

  • this section of the web site, as the catalogue of the EcoeFISHent training units considered useful for the project.
    Each training unit includes the metadata, with indication about the content, the author(s) and other relevant information of the training unit, and the link to accede the lessons of the training unit;
  • the EcoeFISHent training platform, hosting the whole training package, and for supporting and managing training actions;
  • the training units themselves, also as e-learning material, available according to different formats (webinars, multimedia presentations, etc.).

The Training Framework is organized in two levels:
The ‘Background Knowledge’ and ‘On the results of the project outcomes’

Background Knowledge

The background knowledge is the collection and organization of training material related to the main EcoeFISHent topics, useful for enhancing the mutual knowledge and the cooperation within the partnership and to better facilitate the transfer of project results for the target audience.

Topics & Glossary



Many terms are used in the Background Knowledge. The Glossary helps you undestand these words in details.
Reference to the Università Cattolica Glossary is also made to support complementary circular economy concepts.

Topic 1 - Regulatory Framework

Topic 1 illustrates the regulatory framework of the fishery side streams uses in cosmetic and nutraceutical sectors giving a focus on the principles of law and hygiene.

Leader: MICAMO, Angel Consulting

Training Units:


1.1.1) Using sidestreams in cosmetic

1.1.2) Using sidestreams in food


1.2.1) Side streams quality and pre-treatments for cosmetic usage

1.2.2) Legislation applicable to usages of side streams in cosmetic products


1.3.1) Principles of food law and hygiene

1.3.2) Production of supplements from animal products: case study

1.3.3) How the different management of FFSs in the supply chain can determine the different status of ‘food’ or ‘SOA’

Topic 2 - Side-streams flow logistics

Topic 2 describes the National and Regional Standard Requirements related to the animal byproducts management and logistic and  gives the fundamental assets of the Risk Assessment Analysis and the HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) regulations.

Leader: MICAMO

Training Units:


2.1.1) Introduction: the national and regional standard requirements.


2.2.1) Risk assessment analysis: the fundamental assets.

2.2.2) What and which are the HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control points) regulations for animal by-products handling procedures.

This training unit is dedicated to the description of a case study of the project regarding the Animal by products (henceforth ABP) transportation. The process begins with an application to the local sanitarian authority to obtain the authorization to transport ABP. It is required to prepare a document that describes the entire process from the ABPs collectors to the final destination. All the parts involved have to be registered as ABPs producers, transporters or processors, subjects authorized to collect, treat, manage, transport and dispose ABPs.  These lessons are focused on the transportation phase.


2.3.1) Process for obtaining authorisation to transport ABSs from local sanitarian authority

2.3.2) ABSs collection, transport and traceability. Guidelines and practical implementation

Topic 3 - Valorization of animal by-products

Topic 3 illustrates the extraction methods and the potential use of bioactive compounds derived from fishery side streams in different fields – i.e. nutraceutical, cosmetic, biomaterials  – and provides an overview about the Black Soldier Fly used in the bioactive conversion.

Leader: UNIGE

Training Units:

The fishery side streams represent a potential source of bioactive compounds with high-added-value, such as fish oils rich in omega 3 and 6, collagen and gelatin, exploitable in different fields (i.e., nutraceutical, cosmetic, biomaterials etc.). Green extraction methods have been identified for the separation of these high-added-value compounds as an eco-compatible and sustainable alternative to traditional techniques. Particularly, this Training unit aims to provide some key concepts related to enzymatic-assisted extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, supercritical fluid-assisted extraction, and extraction using natural deep eutectic solvents.


3.1.1) Traditional extraction vs environmentally friendly extraction

3.1.2) The main environmentally friendly (green) extraction methods: enzymatic extraction

3.1.3) The main environmentally friendly (green) extraction methods: ultrasound-assisted extraction

3.1.4) The main environmentally friendly (green) extraction methods: microwave-assisted extraction

3.1.5) The main environmentally friendly (green) extraction methods: extraction using supercritical fluids

3.1.6) The main environmentally friendly (green) extraction methods: extraction using NADES – Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents

3.1.7) Bioactivity testing of bioactive compounds from fishery side streams – some key concepts

This training unit intends to illustrate the requirements to produce food supplements and cosmetic products using side streams from fisheries and fishery products (FFS), and the ways in which these products can be promoted using claims.

It also displays the basic steps of the pre-formulation and formulation of a food supplement, considering for each active ingredient, the types of products that are being developed according to current market trends.

This training unit illustrates the criteria used to formulate a cosmetic product and the principal steps followed in a cosmetic company from the cosmetic formulation to the final product. The topic is addressed in general and in the specific case for the Ecoefishent Project.


3.2.1) Formulation of nutraceutical products

3.2.2) Cosmetic formulation


3.3.1) Microbiological safety

3.3.2) Contaminants 

3.3.3) Absence of harmful compounds accompanied by beneficial effects

The ‘Larva breeding’ training unit provides an overview of the Black Soldier Fly’s life cycle, in order to better understand the various stages of the rearing process, and how the related insect bioconversion will provide valuable products with a broad range of applications, from sustainable energies to the production of cosmetics.

3.4.1) Biology linked to the larval cycle

3.4.2) Insect bioconversion through Hermetia illucens breeding

3.4.3) Use of products derived from larvae in the project

Topic 4 - Expanded plastic packaging boxes

Topic 4 illustrates what the bioplastic are and gives a particular background knowledge about the biodegradation, the Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) boxes manufacturing showing also a possible application in the ecodesign area.


Training Units:

This training unit will give an overview of biopolymers, explaining specific terms like bio-based, biodegradable in different environments or compostable. The most important standards, which regulate these materials, will be cited and briefly explained. Finally, an overview of the most known and used biopolymers, their main properties, their current availability on the market, with a focus on their industrial applications, will be done.

4.1.1) What is a bioplastic?  (3:39)

4.1.2) Biodegradability (7:07)

4.1.3) Bioplastics available on the market (7:33)


4.2.1) EPS foaming – Preparation     

4.2.2) EPS foaming – Molding  


4.3.1) What is Ecodesign?     

4.3.2) Tools and applications for ecodesign

Topic 5 - Recycling of fishing and aquaculture nets

Topic 5 is focused on the recycling and fishing aquaculture nets giving an overview about the recycling  approaches with particular emphasis on the textile waste recycles and the current situation in Europe.


Training Units:

This training unit will give to the audience a brief overview on recycling, as a tool toward the circular economy, focusing on the exact definition of “recyclability” and how to evaluate it (Lesson 1), the current situation in Europe of plastic recycling (Lesson 2) and a brief overview on the new approaches towards recycling of textile waste (Lesson 3).

5.1.1) Recycling: one route toward circular economy (6:15)

5.1.2) Plastic recycling: Current situation in Europe (7:39)   

5.1.3) Textile recycling: the new EU regulation

This training unit will give to the audience a brief overview on the two recycling approach, i.e. mechanical (Lesson 2) and chemical recycling (Lesson 3). In these two lessons the two processes will be described in their phases and in the type of processes which belong to these families. These two lessons will be forerun by a lesson more focused on the plastic waste treatment processes (Lesson 1).

5.2.1) Waste treatment for recycling           

5.2.2) Mechanical recycling  (8:11)

5.2.3) Chemical Recycling   (8:50)

Topic 6 - Flexible plastic food packaging

Topic 6 gives an explanation of what the plastic are, focusing on the “Plastic Pyramid” and the possible alternative sustainable resources. Furthermore, this topic illustrates the flexible packaging sector with a particular attention on the different process methods.


Training Units:


6.1.1) What is a plastic? How is it made?    

6.1.2) The “Plastic Pyramid” 

6.1.3) Sustainable resources


6.2.1) Flexible food packaging          

6.2.2) The Shelf life and influence of gases  

6.2.3) Film extrusion processes       

6.2.4) Lacquering and Lamination processes

Topic 7 - Marine ecosystem impacts: ghost gears and improvement of fishing tools

Topic 7 illustrates the impacts on the marine ecosystems affected by the ghost gears and the overfishing giving possible solutions towards the sustainability offered by the selectivity and bycatch issue and the improvement of fishing tools.

Leader: WWF

Training Units:


7.1.1) Ocean plastic pollution          

7.1.2) Ghost Gear impacts    

7.1.3) Ghost Gear possible solutions in an MPA


 7.2.1) Overfishing     

7.2.2) Selectivity and bycatch issue (9:26)

7.2.3) Fishing tools improvement (9:09)   

7.2.4) Sustainable fisheries  

Topic 8 - Life Cycle Thinking apply to Fishing Industry

Topic 8 introduces and illustrates the methodology of the Life Cycle Thinking – i.e. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) – with a particular focus on the case study extracted from the EcoeFISHent project.

Leader: Project Hub 360

Training Units:


8.1.1) Sustainable development & Circular Approaches  (7:52)

8.1.2) Evaluate Sustainability: Life Cycle Thinking Approach

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a methodology that allows to evaluate the environmental impacts relating to the entire life cycle of a product or service from the extraction and processing of raw materials, production, distribution, use, up to the end of life.

The two lessons aim to introduce the methodology from a technical point of view and to provide the basic tools for a summary understanding of how the analysis is carried out and the results interpreted. The second lesson reports in detail a case study extracted from the EcoeFISHent project.

8.2.1) LCA Methodology overview (8:36)

8.2.2) How to perform LCA? Fishing industry examples (7:36)

Life Cycle Costing (LCC) is an analytical approach that allows to evaluate the costs originated along to the entire life cycle of a product or service, starting from the pre-production stages up to its final disposal. The quantification of costs occurs for initial, service, maintenance, operation and disposal costs; it is worth remembering that beyond the initial cost, other cost sources generally represent the largest share of the total costs actually incurred.

The lesson aims to introduce the methodology from a technical point of view and to provide the basic tools for a summary understanding of how the analysis is carried out and the results interpreted.

8.3.1) LCC Methodology and Fishing industry examples

Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) is a methodology that allows to evaluate the social and socioeconomic impacts relating to the life cycle of a product or service from Cradle to Gate, therefore from the extraction and processing of raw materials, to production, up to distribution. Understanding and reducing social risks represents an important element of conscious management of one’s business, together with environmental and economic aspects.

The number of people and companies that undertake a path of social sustainability continues to grow, to improve their reputation in the eyes of stakeholders and to position themselves in an increasingly strategic manner in the reference market.

The lessons aim to introduce the methodology from a technical point of view and to provide the basic tools for a summary understanding of how the analysis is carried out and the results interpreted.

8.4.1) Methodology overview          

8.4.2) SLCA apply to Fishing industry